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Unit 4 came online in 1983 and was destroyed in 1986.Though the Ukrainian nuclear industry was closely involved with Russia for many years, it remained relatively stable during the changes that occurred when the country became independent of the former Soviet Union.However, Burshtyn partly relies on coal from eastern Ukraine mines now controlled by pro-Russian rebels.
In December 2005 Ukraine and the EU signed an energy cooperation agreement which links the country more strongly to western Europe in respect to both nuclear energy and electricity supply.
and in March 2017 Energoatom said that it would start to function in 2019 with 1550 MWe as the "first step on the way to fully integrated strategic synchronisation of the Ukrainian and European energy systems." It will be completed by 2025, with 2550 MWe available to the EU* The 2300 MWe Burshtyn power station was disconnected from the national grid in 2002 to form the Burshtyn Energy Island, synchronized with the EU grid – ENTSO-E – and with a 400 k V connection to Hungary, Slovakia and Romania and a HVDC link proposed.
Replacement of one-third of its old capacity with a new supercritical unit is proposed.
All are Russian VVER types, two being upgraded 440 MWe V-312 models and the rest the larger 1000 MWe units – two early models and the rest V-320s.
Power reactors have operated in Ukraine since 1977, and over 300 reactor years of operating experience have been accumulated.