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In 1872, there was no state government to manage it, so the federal government assumed direct control.
Yosemite National Park began as a state park; the land for the park was donated by the federal government to the state of California in 1864 for perpetual conservation. At first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the federal government to improve the situation. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, the National Park Service, to manage all national parks and some national monuments.
For example, because of provisions within their enabling legislation, Congaree National Park is almost entirely wilderness area devoid of development, yet Yosemite allows unique developments such as the Badger Pass Ski Area and the O'Shaughnessy Dam within its boundaries.
Death Valley National Park has an active mine legislated within its boundaries.
In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery and unique natural features to making parks accessible to the public.
Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and then National Recreation Areas.
Further information: African-American Heritage Sites (U. The title or designation of a unit need not include the term park; indeed, most do not.The exception, under the Antiquities Act, allows the president to designate and protect areas as national monuments by executive order.Regardless of the method used, all parks are to be of national importance.The act would allow the president to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. Albright had suggested to President Roosevelt that the historic sites from the American Civil War should be managed by the National Park Service, rather than the War Department.It wasn't until later that summer when the new president, Franklin D. President Roosevelt agreed and issued two Executive orders to make it happen.